Physio Edge podcast (general)

There are a range of tendinopathy presentations, from easily diagnosed with a local area of pain and clear pain response to tissue overload; through to patients with trickier presentations and multiple contributors to pain e.g. long term proximal hamstring or gluteal tendinopathy with a lumbar spine radiculopathy.

How can you diagnose and treat patients with complex tendinopathy presentations? How does the latest research around tendinopathy help us? I explore these issues and more with Dr Peter Malliaras in episode 68 of the Physio Edge podcast. We also explore:

  • Do tendinopathy patients always present with a small area of pain, or can they have pain in larger, more diffuse areas?
  • How will you identify tendinopathy or other structures that may be contributing to your patients symptoms?
  • Clues in your patients' history to help you identify and differentiate tendinopathies, lumbar and SIJ referral
  • Symptoms and how your treatment will differ in patients with paratenon and fat pad involvement
  • How can you measure your patients load tolerance?
  • What categories of tendinopathy patients can you use to help differentiate your treatment?
  • How can you rehabilitate patients with tendinopathy?
  • What role does biomechanics have?
  • What advice can you provide to your patients about load management, symptoms and flareups?
  • When is it ok for your patients to continue or return to running?
  • What strength tests should your patients be able to complete before returning to running?
  • If your patients are not tolerating running, which aspects should you modify first - frequency, intensity, type or duration?
  • When are isometrics useful in your treatment?
  • When can you start isotonic and plyometric exercises?
  • How can you incorporate tendon neuroplastic training (TNT)?

Links associated with this episode

Other episodes of interest:

Articles associated with this episode:

Shoulder pain can involve the rotator cuff, scapula, cervical spine, thorax, and other structures in this area. Recent research has also explored the role of patient beliefs and expectations on the outcomes of Physiotherapy for shoulder pain. Which factors are important in your shoulder pain patients? Can we identify the contributing factors to your patients shoulder pain? What information will you get from orthopaedic special tests during a shoulder examination? How can you improve your treatment results with your patient education?

In this episode of the Physio Edge podcast, Dr Chris Littlewood and David Pope discuss shoulder pain, including:

  • Classification of shoulder pathology
  • How to identify painful vs stiff vs unstable shoulder pain vs cervical spine referred pain
  • Questions to ask in your subjective assessment
  • Does subacromial impingement exist, and how does a diagnosis of subacromial impingement effect outcomes
  • Patient expectations of treatment outcomes
  • How to perform an objective assessment
  • What information special tests provide
  • Is scapular dyskinesis pathological or normal movement variation
  • Are painful or non-painful exercises most helipful in chronic shoulder pain
  • What role does imaging have in shoulder pain

This podcast adds to Physio Edge podcast 47 - Rotator cuff tendinopathy with Dr Chris Littlewood .

Webinar - "Exercise for rotator cuff tendinopathy: Does it work as we think it should, and can we do better? with Dr Chris Littlewood

Download the handout from this podcast

Cervical spine assessment & treatment online course

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David Pope on Twitter

Clinical Edge on Facebook

Dr Chris Littlewood at Keele University

Dr Chris Littlewood on Twitter

Dr Chris Littlewood on ResearchGate

Experiencing increasing calf pain with running can be an incredibly frustrating experience for your running patients, especially when it is severely limiting or stopping them from being able to run. You can have a lot of success in helping your runners overcome running related calf pain, and in episode 66 of the Physio Edge podcast, we give you practical strategies and exercises you can use in your treatment.

Tom Goom and David Pope helped you explain the causes of calf pain to your running patients, differential diagnosis and red flags, and what you need to assess in episode 64 and episode 65, and in Episode 66 you will explore:

  • How to strengthen the calf complex
  • Strengthening for local ankle and foot muscles
  • Benefits and how to incorporate strengthening for the kinetic chain
  • Incorporating neural mobility into your treatment
  • Adjusting and progressing training loads
  • The role of gait retraining in the treatment of calf pain

If you would love to get better results with calf pain in runners, the podcast handout contains the key takehome messages for you. You can download it here.

To complement this podcast and improve your treatment of runners, Tom Goom and I have created three awesome free Achilles tendinopathy rehab videos. This is a series of three evidence-based videos to help you master Achilles treatment. CLICK HERE to get your free access to these videos

Links of Interest


Related posts

Research associated with this episode

Direct download: Physio_Edge_066_How_to_treat_calf_pain_in_runners_with_Tom_Goom.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 3:22pm AEST

When your patients present with calf pain, do you have a clear understanding of the likely causes and potential differential diagnosis? Do they have any red flags that require urgent medical attention? What other issues besides a calf tear could be causing their calf pain?

It's time to brush off those diagnostic skills, to understand the types of calf pain you can treat, and which patients you need to refer on immediately.

In this podcast with Tom Goom and David Pope, we are going to break it down for you, so you are confident in assessing and diagnosing the different types of calf pain. You will understand:

  • How to identify calf muscle pathology or tears
  • When symptoms are due to neural irritation or pathology
  • Different types of vascular pathology, including popliteal artery entrapment
  • Red flags such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • What information imaging can provide

You can download a free handout containing a summary of the podcast info on differential diagnosis, which you can download here.

Tom Goom and I are really excited to share three free evidence-based Achilles tendinopathy rehabilitation videos - to help you master the treatment of achilles tendinopathy. These will be out soon, so join us for these free masterclasses


Links of Interest



Related posts


Research associated with this episode

One of the most popular blogposts of all time on Tom Goom's website is on how to manage calf tears in runners. Is this because it is a really common problem, or because Tom wrote such a great blogpost? It's a bit hard to tell, and most likely it's a bit of both, but it begs the question "Why is calf pain one of the issues so many runners face? "

In episode 64 of the Physio Edge podcast, David Pope and Tom Goom discuss the latest research around calf pain in runners and what is actually going on. We want to give you all the tools you need to assess runners that present with calf pain, so we have included this in the episode as well.

We also created a free handout with the info and assessment tests from this podcast, which you can download here.

If you would like to up your game on calf pain, here are some of the highlights from the podcast:

  • What is responsible for calf pain in runners?
  • What are the common symptoms?
  • What will imaging show (or not show)?
  • What happened to chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS)? Does it still exist?
  • What is biomechanical overload syndrome, and how is it different to CECS?
  • Who are the most likely culprits to experience calf pain?
  • How can you assess runners with calf pain?
  • What tests should you perform?
  • How can you perform a calf capacity test?

Tom Goom and I are releasing free Achilles running rehab videos - a series of three evidence-based videos to get you great results with achilles tendinopathy. These will be out soon, so join us to master Achilles treatment

Links of Interest

Related posts

Research associated with this episode

Posterior hip pain can have a number of causes, with referral from the lumbar spine, SIJ and hip, along with local structures such as the hip joint, gluteals, glute tendons, proximal hamstring tendons. How can you identify the structures involved in your patient's posterior hip pain? What tests can you perform in your objective assessment to assist your treatment? What is the best way to treat the glutes if they are the involved in your patient's pain?

In episode 63 of the Physio Edge podcast, Benoy Mathew and David Pope explore how you can improve your diagnosis and results with posterior hip pain.

You will discover:

  • What are some of the common causes of posterior hip pain?

  • Gluteal tendinopathy (GT)

    • What area of symptoms will patients with GT report?
    • What are the pattern of symptoms for GT?
    • What tests can we perform to make GT more or less likely
    • How can we treat GT?
  • Deep gluteal syndrome (DGS)

    • What is deep gluteal syndrome?
    • What muscles can be involved in DGS?
    • How can we differentiate it from Gluteal tendinopathy?
    • What tests can you perform to confirm or exclude DGS?
    • How does the treatment for DGS differ to GT?

Benoy is presenting a free webinar with Clinical Edge on "How to assess & diagnose posterior hip and gluteal pain, that complements this podcast, and takes you through the common sources of hip pain, how to identify hip and lumbar spine red flags, and demonstrates exactly how you can perform an assessment to test and differentially diagnose the structures involved in your patients pain.

CLICK HERE to enrol on this free webinar with Benoy Mathew

Ben also presented a webinar with Clinical Edge on how to rehabilitate adductor and psoas related groin pain. The webinar helps you discover:

  • Rehabilitation of adductor and psoas related groin pain
  • Practical tips
  • Common presentations
  • Osteitis pubis, sports hernia, hip impingement
  • Rehabilitation from initial stages to plyometrics

CLICK HERE to watch the webinar "Rehab of adductor and iliopsoas related groin pain" with Benoy Mathew with a free trial Clinical Edge membership

Links of Interest


Articles related to this episode:

  1. Franklyn-Miller et al (2009)- The Gluteal Triangle: a clinical patho-anatomical approach to the diagnosis of gluteal pain in athletes , BJSM. Open Access Link
  2. Grimaldi & Fearon (2015)- Gluteal Tendinopathy: Integrating Pathomechanics and Clinical Features in Management, JOSPT. Open Access Link
  3. Hernando et al (2016)- Evaluation and management of ischio-femoral impingement: a pathophysiologc, radiolgic and therapeutic approach to a complex diagnosis, Skeletal Radiol
  4. Martin et al (2016)- Deep Gluteal Syndrome, JHPS, Open Access Link
  5. Martin et al (2016)- Ishiofemoral Impingement and Hamstrings Syndrome, Distal Causes of Deep Gluteal Syndrome. Where do we go next? Clin Sports Med. Open Access Link
  6. Michel et al (2013)- Piriformis muscle syndrome: Diagnostic criteria and treatment of a mono centricseries of 250 patients, Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
  7. The Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS): development and validation according to the COSMIN checklist
  8. Physical Examination of the Hip by Dr. Hal D. Martin

How can you treat plantar fasciopathy? How can you return your plantar fasciopathy patients to activity and running? When can they run without aggravating their pain?

In episode 62 of the Physio Edge podcast, Tom Goom and David Pope help you discover exactly how you can get great treatment outcomes with plantar fasciopathy.

You will discover:

  • How can you treat plantar fasciopathy (PF)?
  • How can you help reduce plantar fascia pain during the "pain-dominant" phase?
  • How can you improve load capacity during the "load-dominant" phase?
  • When do your patients need relative rest?
  • What cross training options are suitable for runners with PF?
  • When and how can you incorporate strengthening into your treatment?
  • What other impairments should you address in your treatment?
  • How do you adapt strengthening if your patients pain is irritable vs non-irritable
  • Is stretching helpful?
  • Should you include other treatment, eg taping, orthotics, gel heel cup
  • When can your patients return to running?
  • How long is the average recovery from PF?
  • A PF case study with exercise progressions and return to running.

Download Physio Edge podcast episode 62 now to find out all of this and more

This podcast follows on from Physio Edge 060 Plantar fasciopathy in runners with Tom Goom and Physio Edge 061 How to assess & diagnose plantar fasciopathy in runners with Tom Goom

Links of Interest


Related posts


Research associated with this episode

Rathleff et al. 2014. High-load strength training improves outcome in patients with plantar fasciitis: A randomized controlled trial with 12-month follow-up.

Assessment and diagnosis is vital in planning your plantar fasciopathy treatment program, and successfully returning your patients to activity and running. Structures in the vicinity of the plantar fascia insertion may contribute to plantar heel pain, but require a very different treatment approach. How can you identify other structures that are involved? What questions do you need to ask in the history? How can you perform an examination, and what tests should you perform on patients with plantar fasciopathy?

In episode 61 of the Physio Edge podcast, Tom Goom and David Pope help you discover exactly how you can assess and differentially diagnose plantar fasciopathy.

You will discover:

  • Plantar fasciopathy clinical presentation
  • How to identify fat pad irritation
  • Patterns of calcaneal and navicular bony stress injuries
  • How you can identify nerve entrapment and radiculopathy
  • Red flags such as spondyloarthropathy
  • Questions to ask in your subjective that will guide your diagnosis and treatment
  • How to perform an objective assessment
  • Tests you need to perform
  • Identifying impairments to address during rehabilitation
  • When you should perform a running assessment

Download Physio Edge podcast episode 61 now to find out all of this and more

This podcast follows on from Physio Edge 060 Plantar fasciopathy in runners with Tom Goom

Links of Interest

Research associated with this episode

Plantar fasciopathy is one of the most common causes of foot pain in runners and non-athletes alike. Our understanding of plantar fasciopathy (PF) pathology and treatment has progressed significantly over recent years. In episode 60 of the Physio Edge podcast, Tom Goom and David Pope explore PF, what we know about it, and how you can explain the condition, treatment and recovery process to your patients.

You will discover:

  • What we know about plantar fasciopathy
  • What pathology is present
  • What information imaging provides
  • Which forms of imaging are the most useful
  • What are the risk factors for developing PF
  • Which aspects of running may be related or contribute to developing PF?
  • How can you explain PF the condition, treatment and recovery process to your patients

Download this podcast now to find out all of this and more

Links of Interest


Enrol on the free webinar “How to perform a running assessment” with Dr Rich Willy


Research associated with this episode

Direct download: Physio_Edge_060_Plantar_fasciopathy_in_runners_with_Tom_Goom.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 12:25pm AEST

How can you identify the most important factors involved in your patients running injuries? During your rehabilitation of runners, which is most important to address - load, gait pattern, strength, foot strike, pelvic position, footwear, range of movement or other factors?

I wanted to discuss and debate these issues with a number of Physiotherapists that treat and research running injuries, so I have a very different format for you on this episode of the Physio Edge podcast - a group podcast.

On this podcast, we have Tom Goom, Greg Lehman and Dr Christian Barton all in one virtual room discussing and debating the merits of the various approaches to running injuries.

In this episode of the Physio Edge podcast David Pope and the group discuss:

  • When is it ok for your runners to continue running, and when do they need to stop
  • Common myths around running retraining
  • When is it important to change your patients foot strike?
  • Which patient presentations and pathologies will be assisted with running retraining?
  • How can you identify a suitable running load during rehab
  • How can you incorporate running retraining into your rehab
  • Which areas are important to running assessment
  • How can you manage training load strength and conditioning
  • When are plyometrics appropriate during rehabilitation
  • Other factors that impact injury prognosis and duration
  • What advice can you give new runners
  • Which footwear should runners wear?

Download this podcast now to find out all of this and more

Links of Interest


Tom Goom - Running Physio website - Tom on Twitter - Tom Goom's website & courses - Tom on Facebook Live

Greg Lehman - Greg Lehman's website - Twitter - Facebook

Dr Christian Barton - Twitter - LaTrobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Blog


Enrol on the free webinar “How to perform a running assessment” with Dr Rich Willy


Papers mentioned in this episode

Is there an economical running technique? A review of modifiable biomechanical factors affecting running economy

Influence of step length and landing pattern on patellofemoral joint kinetics during running

The training-injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder?

Optimizing strength training for running and cycling endurance performance: A review

A negative life event impairs psychosocial stress, recovery and running economy of runner

Running shoes and running injuries: mythbusting and a proposal for two new paradigms: preferred movement path and comfort filter

The effectiveness of exercise interventions to prevent sports injuries: a syatematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Chronic psychological stress impairs recovery of muscular function and somatic sensations over a 96-hour period

Frontal plane kinematics of the hip during running: Are they related to hip anatomy and strength?

High eccentric hip abduction strength reduces the risk of developing patellofemoral pain among novice runners initiating a self structured running program: a 1 year observational study

Direct download: Physio_Edge_059_Running_injuries_what_are_the_most_important_factors.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:58pm AEST